This general education course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basics of astronomy. It deals with: Getting to Know the sky, Figuring out how things work, The Family of the sun, The Sun, our very own Star, Learning about Stars, Understanding Stars, Galaxies and Cosmology.

This general education course aims at developing a clear understanding of the physical concepts which play an important role in our daily life. It deals with the following subjects: Mechanics and Laws of Motion, Properties of Matter, Heat, Electricity and Magnetism, Waves and Vibrations, Sound and Light.

This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts in physics. The course includes: physics and measurements, vectors, motion in one and two dimensions, Newton's laws of motion and their applications, work and energy, rotational dynamics, rolling motion, conservation of angular momentum.

This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic physics concepts in electricity and magnetism. It includes: Coulomb’s law, electric fields, Gauss's Law, electric potential, capacitance and dielectrics, resistance, direct current circuits, magnetic fields, electromagnetic induction.

- PHYS105 with a minimum grade D

The course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic physics concepts in mechanics for the Engineering students. It includes: units and dimensions of physical quantities, vectors, kinematics, Newton's laws of motion, work and energy, linear momentum and collision, angular momentum, rotational motion about an axis and its engineering applications. The course intends to develop the students' learning skills e.g. problem solving and creative thought needed to meet the challenges in the modern technology by using Laptop as educational tool. The course includes laboratory sessions.

- ENGU1404

The course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic physics concepts in electricity and magnetism. Topics covered include: Coulomb's Law, the electrostatic field, the electrostatic potential, capacitance and dielectrics, magnetic field and magnetic forces, sources of magnetic fields, electromagnetic induction, AC circuits, engineering applications in electricity and magnetism. The course seeks to develop students' learning skills e.g. problem solving and report writing and creative thought needed to meet the challenges in the modern technology by using Laptop as educational tool. The course includes laboratory sessions.

- PHYS1110 with a minimum grade D

The course is offered solely to the information technology students (IT) to provide them with the necessary knowledge in physics. It includes: motion in one dimension, vectors and two-dimensional motion, laws of motion, energy, vibrations and waves, reflection and refraction of light, mirrors and lenses, wave optics, electric forces and electric fields, electrical energy and capacitance, current and resistance, direct-current circuits, magnetism.

The course objectives are: developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts in physics; consolidating manual skills in dealing with laboratory equipment; and developing skills for using computers in the analysis of computer interfaced experiments. It includes: fine measurements, force tables, motion on an inclined plane, verification of Newton's second law, the simple pendulum, circular motion, viscosity, Young's modulus, electrical equivalent of heat, and thermal conductivity.

The course objective is: to develop a clear understanding of the basic concepts in electricity. It includes: Coulomb's law, equipotential surfaces and electric field lines, capacitors, Ohm's law, Kirchoff's rules, wheatstone bridge, the RC time constant, magnetic flux density, cathode ray oscilloscope, self inductance, R-L-C series and parallel resonance.

The course objectives are: developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts in waves, vibrations and laser. It includes: free damped oscillations, forced oscillations, standing waves, interference of sound waves, spherical mirrors and thin lenses, the optical spectrometer, interference of light waves, diffraction of light waves, polarization of light and polarimeter.

This course aims at developing an understanding of the basic experiments in thermal and modern physics. It includes: thermometer, Stefan-Boltzmann's law, thermal radiation, photoelectric effect, electron diffraction, magnetic hysteresis, Faraday effect, Frank-Hertz experiment, Zeeman effect, β-particle detection, and x-ray diffraction.

This course aims at developing an understanding of the main concepts, fundamental laws, and applications of classical thermodynamics. It includes definitions of the most important thermodynamic properties, including temperature, pressure, equation of state, internal energy, work, thermodynamic potentials, free energy functions and entropy, as well as, introducing the three fundamental laws of thermodynamics that govern every physical system in the universe. In addition, this course develops a working knowledge of some practical applications of thermodynamics in daily life, including air conditioners, refrigerators, and car engines.

- PHYS105 with a minimum grade D

A review of the basic concepts of direct current circuits, and the fundamental laws of alternating current circuits. The effects of resistance, inductance, and capacitance in AC circuits are analyzed. The course discusses the principals of semiconductor materials followed by thorough analysis of semiconductor-based devices such as diodes, bipolar junction transistors, field-effect transistors, and operational amplifiers. The course emphasizes on structure, operation, biasing, and applications up to digital control. In addition to the theoretical part of the course, hands on experiments on electronic devices and their applications are implemented in the course to provide experimental skills and enhance comprehension of the theoretical material.

This course aims at developing clear understanding of basic concepts in vibrations, waves, light and optics. It includes oscillatory motion, wave motion, sound waves, superposition and standing waves, electromagnetic waves, the nature of light, laws of geometric optics, image formation by lenses and mirrors, some optical instruments, interference, diffraction and polarization of light

- PHYS105 with a minimum grade D

This course aims at studying the basic concepts of modern physics in comparison to classical physics. It includes: relativity of space and time, relativity of mass, mass-energy relationship, photonic nature of radiation, wave properties of particles, wave function, hydrogen atom, an introduction to quantum mechanics, Schrِodinger equation and simple applications to solid and nuclear physics.

This course aims at developing the mathematical techniques and skills needed for advanced physics courses. It includes: vector analysis, power-series methods, complex analysis, Fourier series and applications, Laplace and Fourier transforms, series solutions and special functions.

The course aims at studying the classical kinematics and dynamics of the point-like objects and the rigid bodies. It includes: particle kinematics in various coordinate systems, particle dynamics, central- force motion, non-inertial systems, rigid body dynamics, introduction to Hamilton and Lagrange dynamics.

This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts in physics as an integrated part of the student's overall curriculum. It includes: statistical equilibrium, statistical distributions: Maxwell-Boltzmann, Fermi-Dirac, Bose-Einstein, and various applications.

This course aims at introducing the basic concepts and principles of numerical methods. It includes: principles of numerical analysis, some important numerical algorithms, mathematical modeling of physical systems, application of numerical techniques to mathematical models, computer simulation of physical systems, the Monte-Carlo method with some applications.

The course aims at establishing the basic knowledge of the electric and magnetic fields, both static and time-dependent. It includes: electrostatics (Gauss's law, electric fields in materials, polarization, boundary-value problems, Laplace and Poisson equations); magnetostatics (Biot-Savart's law, Ampere's law, scalar and vector potentials, magnetization of materials), Faraday's law, and Maxwell's equations.

- PHYS255 with a minimum grade D

This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic principles of the laser action and applications of lasers. It includes spontaneous and stimulated emission of radiation, Einstein's coefficients, population inversion, laser amplification and oscillation, laser frequencies, laser rate equation, different types of lasers, laser light characteristics, laser applications.

This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts in quantum physics. It includes: concepts of quantum mechanics, Schrodinger's equation, stationary states, operators, one dimensional problems, angular momentum, 3D problems like hydrogen atom, method of approximation and helium atom.

This course aims at covering topics in radiation and its uses. It includes: types and sources of radiation, radioactive decay processes and energy release involved in decay schemes, interaction of radiation with matter, radiation tracks and stopping power.

Introduction to celestial mechanics. Basic radiation theory; spectra. Observational determination of stellar properties; spectral classification. Binary systems. H-R diagram. Stellar populations. Stellar structure and evolution: white dwarfs, neutron stars, black holes. The galaxy: structure and composition; the interstellar medium. Other galaxies; active galaxies. Cosmology.

The course aims at using Maxwell's equations in treating specific problems of wave propagation and their interactions with media and charged particles. It includes wave equation propagation of electromagnetic waves in non-conducting media, polarization. Waves in bounded regions: reflection and refraction at dielectric interface, guided waves. Radiation from a group of moving charges, radiation damping. Electrodynamics and special relativity.

Building upon the student’s previous knowledge on Phys 355, this course introduces a number of modern concepts in quantum mechanics. Topics include propagators and path integral, symmetries, angular momentum and irreducible tensor operators, approximation methods, and scattering theory.

This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts in physics as an integrated part of the student overall curriculum. It includes: crystal structure, reciprocal lattice, X-ray diffraction, lattice vibrations, heat capacity, free electrons, electrical conduction in metals and semiconductors, band theory, magnetic properties.

This course will provide students with a solid understanding of the physical principles of basic semiconductor devices. This course will give the students an overview of the development of semiconductor devices. Several important semiconductor physics and prototypical devices will be studied. The course material covers semiconductor properties under thermal equilibrium and under non-equilibrium conditions. Three fundamental device structures will be covered in detail, the p-n junction, the MOSFET and related devices, and the bipolar transistor. The course will focus on aspects of semiconductors such as silicon and gallium arsenide, both of which have commercial relevance. Therefore, fundamental properties of semiconductors will be explored, as well as their device applications.

This course covers basic concepts of nuclear physics with emphasis on Rutherford’s nuclear atom model, nuclear properties (nuclear size, mass and abundance of nuclides, nuclear binding energy), nuclear structures and nuclear models (Liquid-drop model and the semi-empirical mass formula, and the shell model). Other topics include nuclear decay and radioactivity, nuclear reactions (fundamental Laws, scattering and reaction cross section, mechanisms of nuclear reactions), nuclear fission (characteristics of fission, energy in fission, fission nuclear reactors), nuclear fusion (basic fusion processes, characteristics of fusion, controlled fusion reactors).

This course is based on a research project where the student is expected to present a seminar at the end of the semester. The topic is selected by the instructor. (Prerequisite - Student must finish at least 90 Credit hours)

This course is aimed at studying a special topic which will serve the needs of the student. The topic varies according to needs and demands, and is set by the department.

This course is part of the internship program; it aims at presenting the students with opportunities to experience practical work experience in selected internship providers sites. Students are expected to carry out tasks assigned to them under the supervision of a site supervisor and an academic supervisor. The period of such internship is 8 consecutive weeks during the student's last semester before graduation.

Complex analysis, special functions with applications in Physics, calculus of variations, integral transforms, partial differential equations, boundary-value problems, Green’s functions, operator algebra and tensors.

Presents the basic concepts and mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics and introduces applications in atomic, molecular, and solid state Physics. Topics include the mathematics of quantum mechanics, one-dimensional problems, central field problems, the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with atomic systems, the harmonic oscillator, angular momentum, and perturbation theory.

Electrostatics and magnetostatics, Electric and magnetic fields in matter, Boundary value problems in electrostatics and magnetostatics, Polarization and magnetization, Multipole expansion and dielectrics, Maxwell’s equations, Conservation laws, Wave guides and resonators.

Electronic structure of one-electron atoms; fine and hyperfine structures, Interaction of one-electron atoms with static external electric and magnetic fields and with electromagnetic radiation. Study of the electronic structure of many-electron atoms using Pauli Exclusion principle, perturbation and variational methods, angular momentum coupling schemes, central field approximation, Thomas-Fermi model, Hartee-Fock method, interactions of many-electron atoms with static and magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation, Auger effect.

The course is intended as an introduction to the concepts of modern astrophysics for the advanced undergraduate students and graduate students. It covers topics such as celestial coordinate systems, celestial orbits, radiation, stars, stellar structure, stellar evolution, clusters of stars, galactic components, galactic structure, galaxy types, active galaxies and cosmology.

Theory of laser operation, rate-equation, properties of laser beams, three-level and four-level systems, passive optical resonators, pumping process, single-mode and multi-mode lasers, transient laser behavior, relaxation oscillations, Q-switching, cavity-dumping, mode-locking, some specific laser systems and applications to medicine, material processing, laser-driven fusion and holography.

Elementary principles, variational principles and Lagrange's equations, central force problem, kinematics of rigid body motion, oscillations, Hamilton's principle and Hamilton's equations, Canonical transformations, Hamilton-Jacobi theory, classical chaos, canonical perturbation theory, introduction to Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations for continuous systems and fields.

Nuclear Properties (Nuclear Radius, Mass and Abundance of Nuclides, Nuclear Binding Energy), Forces between Nucleons (Properties of the Nuclear Force, The Exchange Force Model), Nuclear Structures and Nuclear Models (Liquid-drop Model and the Semi-empirical Mass Formula, Shell Model, More Realistic Nuclear Models), Nuclear Decay and Radioactivity, Nuclear Reactions (Fundamental Laws, Scattering and Reaction Cross Section, The Optical Model, Mechanisms of Nuclear Reactions), Neutron Physics (Neutron Sources, Absorption and Moderation, Neutron Reaction Cross Sections, Neutron Capture, Interference and Diffraction with Neutrons), Nuclear Fission (Characteristics of Fission, Energy in Fission, Fission Reactors, Radioactive Fission Products, Fission Explosives), Nuclear Fusion (Basic Fusion Processes, Characteristics of Fusion, Controlled Fusion Reactors, Thermonuclear Weapons).

This course will cover elementary plasma physics for physics and engineering students. It will include the following topics: The concept of temperature; the conditions of density and temperature necessary for the plasma state; discussion of fusion; motion of single charged particles in static and time varying electric and magnetic fields; plasmas described as (charged) fluids or magnetohydrodynamics; waves in plasmas; plasma heating with radio waves; kinetic theory description of plasmas including diffusion with and without magnetic fields; Debye shielding of a charge; Vlasov equation and collisionless plasmas; Landau dampening of waves; BGK single relaxation time model description of collisions; transport calculations of mass (diffusion); momentum (viscosity) and energy (heat conductivity).

Description of elementary particles with emphasis on phenomenology and historical and experimental buildup of current knowledge: weak decays and weak currents, parity violation, detectors and accelerators, elementary processes, deep inelastic scattering and proton model, quark model spectroscopy, color symmetry, elements of the Standard Model, successes and shortcomings.

Review of fundamentals of sources of radiation, nuclear Physics and radioactivity, and X-ray production. Interaction of heavy charged particles with matter, interaction of electrons with matter, linear energy transfer, interaction of photons with matter, interaction of neutrons with matter, neutron fission and criticality, radiation detection, statistics, introduction to radiation dosimetry, radiation protection criteria and exposure limits.

Review of X-ray production and fundamentals of nuclear physics and radioactivity. Detailed analysis of radiation absorption and interactions in biological materials as specifically related to radiation therapy and radiation therapy dosimetry. Explore the use of computers and electronics in the diagnosis, tumor and normal tissue localization, treatment planning, treatment delivery, and treatment verification as applied to cancer patients; principles of radiation therapy treatment planning and isodose calculations. This is in addition to surveys of use of teletherapy isotopes and X-ray generators in radiation therapy plus the clinical use of interstitial and intracavitary isotopes (fundamentals of brachytherapy, and brachytherapy dosimetry systems). Problem sets taken from actual clinical examples are assigned.

This course gives students a solid background in semiconductor Physics and devices. It explains crystal structure, band structure and carrier statistics, carrier transport, phonons, scattering processes, electro- and optical- absorption in semiconductors.

Physical bases of nuclear medicine are reviewed, and imaging instrumentation and computer diagnosis is discussed. Other topics include radionucleide generator systems and quality control, radiopharmaceutical preparations and quality control, chemistry and radiopharmacology of radionucleides, and radiopharmaceuticals for diagnostics and therapeutics. Unsealed source dosimetry, nuclear measurement instrumentation, spectrometry. This course also includes design and function of gamma cameras, single photon emission tomography, and positron emission tomography.

Course includes practical applications of diagnostic radiology for various measurements and equipment assessments. Topics include X-ray generator calibration, focal spot measurements, radiation output measurements, half-value layer measurements, and others. The description and design of computed tomographic systems as well as the associated reconstruction algorithms from single to multislice helical systems are studied.

This course will explore topics in bio-electricity based on the classical theory of electricity and magnetism. Topics include: transport in an infinite medium, transport through neural membranes, impulses in nerve and muscle cells, exterior potential and electrocardiogram, biomagnetism, electricity and magnetism at the cellular level.

Review of the statistical theory of thermodynamics, Ensemble theory, identical particles. Quantum statistical Physics, Distribution functions, Applications to Quantum gases (superfluidity, superconductivity, and Bose-Einstein condensation), Critical phenomena, Brownian motion, Langevin, and Fokker-Planck and Boltzmann equations.

This course deals with experimental techniques (X-ray, Raman Spectroscopy, Electron Microscope, Auger Spectrometer, X-Ray Fluorescent, Electrical measurements, Magnetic measurements, Optical measurements, Positron Annihilation, etc) used for material characterizations and study of physical properties as well as defects of different materials. Particularly the course deals with phase transitions of amorphous and crystal compounds, Synthesis of composites, thin films, superlattices and nanomaterials.

crystalline structure and symmetry, Bravais lattice and reciprocal lattice, lattice vibrations and phonons, specific heat, energy band theory of metals, semiconductors and insulators, electric transport in metals and semiconductors, optical, dielectric, and magnetic properties, superconductivity.

Group and representation theory designed for the particle physicist: groups and their representations: general theory and results; Lie Groups and their representations; Lie algebras and their representations; use and applications in Modern Physics.

This course is based on a research project where the student is expected to present a seminar at the end of the semester. The topic is selected by the faculty member.

Introduction to Einstein’s theory of General Relativity: a review of Special Relativity; the equivalence principle; tensor calculus and elements of differential geometry; Einstein’s gravitational field equations; classic tests of General Relativity and standard applications in Astrophysics and Cosmology.

This course is required for students preparing a doctoral thesis in experimental particle physics. Topics designed and taught by the various LHC collaborations (CMS, ATLAS, ALICE, etc.).

This course covers the physical aspects of medical image formation. Image receptor design/optimization, reconstruction techniques, device hardware and performance characteristics are considered. This course includes a system theory approach to the production, analysis, processing and reconstruction of medical images. An extensive use of Fourier techniques is used to describe the processes involved with conventional radiographic detectors, digital and computed radiography.

This is a general imaging course intended to: 1) cover the basic physical principles of image formation and contrast of the main imaging modalities; and 2) introduce their applications in disciplines such as medicine, biology, and chemistry. It is designed to be given for non-physics students and to explain elements of hardware, basic energy interaction leading to image formation, basic image properties including signal-to-noise ratio, resolution, and contrast, and finally sample and technical factors controlling image contrast. The main modalities include: x-ray imaging, computed x-ray tomography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and spectroscopy (MRS), Nuclear Medicine (SPECT, PET Imaging). Functional and multi-dimensional imaging is also introduced. Students may be asked to cover elementary topics according to their background.

Basic physics of NMR, relaxation phenomena, relaxation time measurement, rotating reference frame and resonance, RF field, Bloch equations, magnetic field gradient, projection, basic pulse sequences, image contrast, one-dimensional Fourier imaging, k-space, slice excitation, multi-dimensional imaging; advanced MRI methods including fast imaging, chemical shift imaging, diffusion imaging, functional MRI, flow imaging, MR angiography, and cardiac gated imaging; hardware for MRI; radiofrequency coils, surface coils; in vivo NMR spectroscopy.

This course is based on a research project where the student is expected to present a seminar at the end of the semester. The topic is selected by the faculty member.

This course is proposed by faculty members based on students’ curricular needs and/or new trends in Physics

Variational theorem and WKB method, time-dependent perturbation theory, scattering theory, Born approximation, Identical particles and second quantization, symmetry principles, Dirac and Klein-Gordon equations for free particles, quantum theory of radiation, path integral formalism.

Synthesis of nanomaterials; nanoparticles, nanotubes, nanowires, assembly of nanostructures, property-structure-dependence in nanomaterials, main characterization techniques; transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), applications of nanomaterials; transistors, bio-sensors, NEMS, and solar cells.

Building the theory of relativistic quantum fields: classical field theory; Noethers's theorem; Klein Gordon field; representations of the Lorentz Group; Dirac equation; quantized Dirac field; discrete symmetries of the Dirac theory; interacting fields; S-matrix and reduction formula; Green’s functions in path integral formalism; perturbation theory and Feynman diagrams; elementary processes in QED and QCD.

Many body theory, Hartree-Fock theory and electron-electron interactions, density functional theory, introduction to main numerical methods for band structure calculations, excitons, polarons, phonons, Bloch Wannier and Slater functions, band structures of solids, density matrix approximation Huekle model, Moller-Plesset perturbation theory, second order quantization, Wannier and Frankel excitons and biexcitons in molecular crystals, types of superconductors, electron-phonon interactions, the BCS theory of superconductivity; Ginzberg-Landau theory, Landau Fermi liquid theory, theory of solitons and soliton dynamics.

Classical and quantum Monte Carlo simulation methods with applications, molecular dynamics simulations, random systems, selected topics in modern computational physics problems.

Review of Maxwell’s equations and the conservation laws, electromagnetic potentials, multipole radiation, radiation from moving charges, plane waves in material media, polarization, attenuation, dispersion, diffraction, scattering, special relativity, Relativistic electrodynamics.

This course is based on a research project where the student is expected to present a seminar at the end of the semester. The topic is selected by the faculty member.

Introduction to polymers, Hartree-Fock crystal orbital theory of periodic ploymers, Ab initio calculations on quasi-one-dimensional polymers, semiempirical theories of band structures, treatment of aperiodicity in polymers, electronic correlation in polymers, interaction between polymers, the effect of environment on the band structure of polymers, theoretical investigation of different physical properties of polymers.

The course covers the basic concepts, natural existence as well as the laboratory techniques used for the generation and diagnostics of nonideal plasma. In addition, the course studies ionization equilibrium, equation-of-state, thermodynamic properties, transport coefficients and optical characteristics of partially ionized nonideal plasma.

Gas filled detectors, liquid filled detectors, solid state detectors, scintillation detectors and photodetectors, position sensitive detection, signal processing

Signal acquisition and k-space sampling, image reconstruction techniques, filtering and resolution, image artifacts, slice excitation, radio frequency pulses (rectangular, sinc, SLR, variable rate), spectral RF pulses, spatial RF pulses, advanced pulse sequence techniques.

This course covers: Radiative processes; renormalization; renormalization group; gauge theories; renormalization of gauge theories; asymptotic freedom.

This course covers: Theoretical building of the Standard Model of Particle Physics: phenomenology of weak interactions; Higgs mechanics and mass generation; spontaneously broken gauge theory; renormalization; the Standard Model; successes and shortcomings.

The course gives a description of the current and future experiments in the area of High Energy Physics, their most significant results, future prospects and measurement techniques for Physics beyond the Standard Model. Topics include: Higgs boson searches at LEP, the Tevatron and LHC, the main signatures for Higgs decay in different mass ranges and the experimental problems of detecting them; motivation for supersymmetry (SUSY); the spectrum and signatures of superpartners in some constrained MSSM scenarios such as mSUGRA and GMSB.

Motivations for supersymmetry; Clifford algebra and spinor representations in D-dimensions; supersymmetry algebra; superspace and superfields; supersymmetric gauge theories; breaking of supersymmetry; the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM); elementary supergravity; gravity and gauge mediated supersymmetry breaking; phenomenology of the MSSM and some of its extensions; supersymmetry at colliders and in cosmology.

Selected and changing topics beyond and besides the Standard Model like: neutrinos and masses; solitons, instantons and topological objects; nonperturbative methods: lattice field theory; quantum field theory at finite temperature and/or density; LHC particle physics; string theory.

This course is proposed by faculty members according to needs when needed and is based on new trends of physics.

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