The United Arab Emirates (UAE), proclaimed on the 2nd December 1971, is set up of seven Emirates with Abu Dhabi the capital of the State. UAE, with a total land area of 83,600 km² (including approximately 200 islands) is inhabited by 2.443 million.
Climatically, the country is divided into two ecological zones which greatly influence the agricultural production: These are the coastal region with hot and humid summers and warm winters, and the inland region which is more dryer. The potentialities of a commercial date production industry in UAE were realised many years ago.
The actual date tree population in UAE is about 40 millions of which 8.5 in AL-AIN region. The gene pool is large and composes about 120 date varieties. New introductions from Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Oman included Khallas, AbouMaan, Hallawi, Khissab, Khenezi, Nabut Saif, Jabiri, Hillali, Lulu, Chichi, Khadraoui, Sakii, Sultana and Barhi varieties.
The Red Palm Weevil (RPW), Rhynchophorus ferrugineus Olive is considered a major pest of the date palm in the Middle East where it causes severe damage.
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