This general education course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basics of astronomy. It deals with: Getting to Know the sky, Figuring out how things work, The Family of the sun, The Sun, our very own Star, Learning about Stars, Understanding Stars, Galaxies and Cosmology.

This general education course aims at developing a clear understanding of the physical concepts which play an important role in our daily life. It deals with the following subjects: Mechanics and Laws of Motion, Properties of Matter, Heat, Electricity and Magnetism, Waves and Vibrations, Sound and Light.

This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts in physics. The course includes: physics and measurements, vectors, motion in one and two dimensions, Newton's laws of motion and their applications, work and energy, rotational dynamics, rolling motion, conservation of angular momentum.

- Analyze Mechanical Situations Using The Fundamental Concepts Of Conservation Of Energy, Linear And Angular Momenta.
- Apply Correctly Newton'S Laws Of Motion.
- Demonstrate The Ability To Use Vector Algebra And Dimensional Analysis To Obtain Quantitative Or Qualitative Solutions To Basic Problems In Mechanics.
- Use Equations Of Motion To Solve Problems In Kinematics.

This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic physics concepts in electricity and magnetism. It includes: Coulomb’s law, electric fields, Gauss's Law, electric potential, capacitance and dielectrics, resistance, direct current circuits, magnetic fields, electromagnetic induction.

- PHYS105 with a minimum grade D

- Analyze Dc Circuits And Compute Electric Parameters.
- Apply Biot-Savart Law And Ampere'S Law To Calculate Magnetic Fields.
- Apply Gauss Law And The Direct Integration Method To Calculate Electric Fields And Potentials Due To Symmetric Continuous Charge Distributions.
- Compute Electric Forces, Fields, Potentials, And Potential Energy Due To Point Charges.
- Compute The Magnetic Forces On Point Charges And On Current Carrying Wires.

The course is offered solely to the information technology students (IT) to provide them with the necessary knowledge in physics. It includes: motion in one dimension, vectors and two-dimensional motion, laws of motion, energy, vibrations and waves, reflection and refraction of light, mirrors and lenses, wave optics, electric forces and electric fields, electrical energy and capacitance, current and resistance, direct-current circuits, magnetism.

The lab is associated with the General Physics I which introduce the students to the basic laws of motion. The students will verify some of these laws by doing the following experiments: Measurements and units, Vectors, Kinematics of motion in one and two dimensions, Newton's laws of motion, Work and energy, Linear momentum and collisions, Rotational motion about an axis and Angular momentum. The lab was recently updated with the state-of-art equipment that uses the latest measurement techniques using sensors controlled by a computer interface. The lab is equipped with: basic length, time and mass meters, motion tracks and sensors, projectile gun, rotational stage, pendulums, data loggers and computers.

- Apply And Verify The Basic Physical Concepts In Classical Mechanics In The Lab
- Communicate Effectively And Work In Team-Oriented Projects
- Develop Manual Skills In Dealing With Laboratory Equipment
- Develop Skills In Data And Error Analysis
- Develop The Skills Of Using Computers And Sensors In Data Acquisition And Analysis

The course objective is: to develop a clear understanding of the basic concepts in electricity. It includes: Coulomb's law, equipotential surfaces and electric field lines, capacitors, Ohm's law, Kirchoff's rules, wheatstone bridge, the RC time constant, magnetic flux density, cathode ray oscilloscope, self inductance, R-L-C series and parallel resonance.

- Apply and verify the basic physical concepts of electricity and magnetism in the lab.
- Develop manual skills in dealing with laboratory equipment.
- Develop skills of using computers and sensors in data acquisition and analysis.
- Develop skills in data and error analysis.
- Practice communicating effectively in writing.
- Practice working in team-oriented projects.
- Develop skills of fault diagnosis and fault detection in the experimental work.

This course will serve to give an overview of the domain of Space Sciences. It is intended to lay the foundations of what Space Sciences entail. It will start off with an outline of the characteristics of Earth as a planet and then it will take students immediately beyond Earth, the upper atmosphere and the magnetosphere of the Earth will be introduced. In addition to Earth as a planet, the formation of Solar System, planetary science: terrestrial & jovian planets, planetary atmosphere and interiors will also be discussed. Followed by that some basic features of space above the Earth and the concepts of gravity will be highlighted. Then, a brief history of human space exploration will be given, leading to an outline of the space age we live in today. The course will be concluded with a broad account of what science is done from space.

The course objectives are: developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts in waves, vibrations and laser. It includes: free damped oscillations, forced oscillations, standing waves, interference of sound waves, spherical mirrors and thin lenses, the optical spectrometer, interference of light waves, diffraction of light waves, polarization of light and polarimeter.

- Apply And Verify The Basic Physical Concepts Of Oscillations, Waves And Optics In The Lab.
- Communicate Effectively And Work In Team-Oriented Projects
- Develop Hands-On Skills In Dealing With Laboratory Equipment.
- Develop Physical Sense And Sufficient Practice In Data Analysis And Error Analysis.

This course aims at developing an understanding of the basic experiments in thermal and modern physics. It includes: thermometer, Stefan-Boltzmann's law, thermal radiation, photoelectric effect, electron diffraction, magnetic hysteresis, Faraday effect, Frank-Hertz experiment, Zeeman effect, β-particle detection, and x-ray diffraction.

- Apply And Verify (Experimentally) The Fundamental Laws In Thermal And Modern Physics In The Laboratory.
- Develop Hands-On Skills In Dealing With Advanced Equipment And Fault Diagnosis And Fault Detection In Such Equipment.
- Practice Communicating Effectively And Working In Team-Oriented Projects.
- Practice Dealing With Error Propagation And Error Analysis.
- Practice Using Computers In Data Acquisition And Analysis.

This course aims at developing an understanding of the main concepts, fundamental laws, and applications of classical thermodynamics. It includes definitions of the most important thermodynamic properties, including temperature, pressure, equation of state, internal energy, work, thermodynamic potentials, free energy functions and entropy, as well as, introducing the three fundamental laws of thermodynamics that govern every physical system in the universe. In addition, this course develops a working knowledge of some practical applications of thermodynamics in daily life, including air conditioners, refrigerators, and car engines.

- PHYS105 with a minimum grade D

- Demonstrate The Ability For Self-Learning, Work Independently And In Teams, And To Write Reports On Technical Subjects While Managing Sensitive Ethical Issues Such As Originality
- Demonstrate A Well-Founded Knowledge Of The Fundamental Concepts In Thermal Physics
- Demonstrate The Capacity To Think Critically And Logically
- Describe And Quantitatively Analyze Different Thermodynamic Processes, Relationships, And Laws Relevant To The Topics Covered In The Course
- Express Physical Concepts Quantitatively, And Confidently Apply The Acquired Problem Solving Skills

A review of the basic concepts of direct current circuits, and the fundamental laws of alternating current circuits. The effects of resistance, inductance, and capacitance in AC circuits are analyzed. The course discusses the principals of semiconductor materials followed by thorough analysis of semiconductor-based devices such as diodes, bipolar junction transistors, field-effect transistors, and operational amplifiers. The course emphasizes on structure, operation, biasing, and applications up to digital control. In addition to the theoretical part of the course, hands on experiments on electronic devices and their applications are implemented in the course to provide experimental skills and enhance comprehension of the theoretical material.

- Apply Basic Techniques To Analyze Electric And Electronic Circuits.
- Design Simple Analogue And Digital Electronic Circuits.
- Manage The Measuring Tools In A Basic Electronics Laboratory.
- Recognize The Basic Electric And Electronic Components And Devices.

This course aims at developing clear understanding of basic concepts in vibrations, waves, light and optics. It includes oscillatory motion, wave motion, sound waves, superposition and standing waves, electromagnetic waves, the nature of light, laws of geometric optics, image formation by lenses and mirrors, some optical instruments, interference, diffraction and polarization of light

- PHYS105 with a minimum grade D

- Apply The Principle Of Superposition To Constructive And Destructive Interference Of Waves.
- Describe Diffraction, Interference And Polarization Of Light.
- Describe Image Formation By Mirrors And Thin Lenses.
- Recognize The Basic Concepts Of Reflection, Refraction, Dispersion, And Total Internal Reflection Of Light.
- Recognize The Basic Concepts Of Simple Harmonic Motion And Its Applications To Different Physical System.
- Recognize The Basic Concepts Of Sound Waves Propagation And The Doppler Effect.

This course aims at studying the basic concepts of modern physics in comparison to classical physics. It includes: relativity of space and time, relativity of mass, mass-energy relationship, photonic nature of radiation, wave properties of particles, wave function, hydrogen atom, an introduction to quantum mechanics, Schrِodinger equation and simple applications to solid and nuclear physics.

- Explain The Modern-Physics Concepts Of The Special Theory Of Relativity And The Particle-Wave Duality.
- Predict Qualititavily The Outcomes Of A Physical Problem Or Situation.
- Recognize The Failure Of Classical Physics And The Need For New Concepts And Theories In Explaining Observations At High Speed And At The Atomic Level.
- Solve Quantitative Problems In Difffernt Subjects Of Modern Phyics.

This course aims at developing the mathematical techniques and skills needed for advanced physics courses. It includes: vector analysis, power-series methods, complex analysis, Fourier series and applications, Laplace and Fourier transforms, series solutions and special functions.

- Apply The Fourier Series In Solving Physical Problems.
- Employ The Concepts Of Vector Analysis And Complex Analysis In Solving Related Physical Problems.
- Recognize Special Functions And Their Properties And Applications In Physics.
- Solve Differential Equations By Power Series, Separation Of Variables, And Fourier And Laplace Transforms Methods.

The course aims at studying the classical kinematics and dynamics of the point-like objects and the rigid bodies. It includes: particle kinematics in various coordinate systems, particle dynamics, central- force motion, non-inertial systems, rigid body dynamics, introduction to Hamilton and Lagrange dynamics.

- Apply The Physical Principles To The Situation By Setting Up A Mathematical Model.
- Communicate Clearly In Both Oral And Writing, Especially Through Projects.
- Communicate Clearly In Both Oral And Writing, Especially Through Projects.
- Recognize And Associate Physical Principle To Classical Mechanics Phenomenon.
- Solve Mathematical Model Using Analytical And Numerical Methods.

This course will begin with the development of an understanding of Kepler’s laws of orbital motion and dynamics of objects in space. After that, the framework of celestial coordinate systems will be built followed by the 2-body/3-body problem. A description of the 6 orbital Parameters will be given after that. Then the fundamentals behind the Lagrange’s planetary equation will be presented, followed by an outline of the possible orbital perturbations. Some examples of natural & artificial orbits will be discussed and finally orbit and trajectory design for various space science objectives will be discussed.

- PHYS262 with a minimum grade D

This course will be aimed at presenting an overview of a space mission as whole. The elements of a space mission will be introduced from a design and analysis point of view. Followed by that the space segment and the ground segment will be discussed as two main domains of a space mission, leading to an outline of space mission operations. The course will end with a few case studies (e.g. the GPS network, Telecom missions [ArabSat], science missions [MRO, Juno, Cassini]) of existing space missions.

This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts in physics as an integrated part of the student's overall curriculum. It includes: statistical equilibrium, statistical distributions: Maxwell-Boltzmann, Fermi-Dirac, Bose-Einstein, and various applications.

- Define And Apply The Boltzmann Distribution To A System Of Distinguishable Particles.
- Define And Apply The Bose-Einstein Distribution To A System Of Particles With Integer Spin.
- Define And Apply The Femi-Dirac Distribution To A System Of Particles With Half-Integer Spin.
- Define The Concept Of Thermodynamic Probability, And Its Relation With Entropy And The Second Law Of Thermodynamics.

The contents of this course will develop an introduction to various subsystems of a spacecraft. The first topic will describe the components of a space vehicle followed by an account of the spacecraft materials used to build the structure. After that, some examples of the spacecraft’s main payload (spectrographs and spectrometers, imaging systems, space-based telescopes, radars and antennae) will be discussed. The functionality of the spacecraft attitude & orbit determination be highlighted next. After that, a brief account of the communication and navigation systems will be given. Then, the spacecraft power system will be described followed by an account of the spacecraft propulsion system. The fundamentals of spacecraft positioning control will be discussed in the end.

This course aims at introducing the basic concepts and principles of numerical methods. It includes: principles of numerical analysis, some important numerical algorithms, mathematical modeling of physical systems, application of numerical techniques to mathematical models, computer simulation of physical systems, the Monte-Carlo method with some applications.

- Create Computer Codes To Problems Beyond The Reach Of Mathematical Physics.
- Evaluate And Analyze The Difference Between Simulations And Other Approximate And Analytical Methods.
- Understand The Basic Numerical Methods Relevant To Physics Problems.
- Use Computers In Solving Some Physical Problems Numerically.

The course aims at establishing the basic knowledge of the electric and magnetic fields, both static and time-dependent. It includes: electrostatics (Gauss's law, electric fields in materials, polarization, boundary-value problems, Laplace and Poisson equations); magnetostatics (Biot-Savart's law, Ampere's law, scalar and vector potentials, magnetization of materials), Faraday's law, and Maxwell's equations.

- PHYS255 with a minimum grade D

- Reproduce The Derivation Of Maxwell?S Equations, And Use Them To Study The Propagation Of Electromagnetic Waves
- Think Critically And Logically.
- Use Basic Electrostatic And Magnetostatic Laws To Solve Electromagnetic Problems
- Utilize Different Techniques To Solve Physical Electrostatic Problem And Distinguish The Simplest Technique To Use

This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic principles of the laser action and applications of lasers. It includes spontaneous and stimulated emission of radiation, Einstein's coefficients, population inversion, laser amplification and oscillation, laser frequencies, laser rate equation, different types of lasers, laser light characteristics, laser applications.

- Develop Optical Resonator And Pumping Source For Laser System
- Identify The Common Laser Systems And Their Applications
- Illustrate The Interaction Of Radiation With Matter
- Recognize The Basic Physical Processes Of Laser Action
- Solve Problems Related To The Laser Theory

This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts in quantum physics. It includes: concepts of quantum mechanics, Schrodinger's equation, stationary states, operators, one dimensional problems, angular momentum, 3D problems like hydrogen atom, method of approximation and helium atom.

- Develop Mathematical And Computing Skills To Solve Quantum Mechanics Problems Correctly.
- Explain Qualitatively The Basic Concepts Of Quantum Mechanics.
- Express Physical Concepts Of Quantum Mechanics Mathematically.
- Think Critically And Logically.

This course aims at covering topics in radiation and its uses. It includes: types and sources of radiation, radioactive decay processes and energy release involved in decay schemes, interaction of radiation with matter, radiation tracks and stopping power.

Introduction to celestial mechanics. Basic radiation theory; spectra. Observational determination of stellar properties; spectral classification. Binary systems. H-R diagram. Stellar populations. Stellar structure and evolution: white dwarfs, neutron stars, black holes. The galaxy: structure and composition; the interstellar medium. Other galaxies; active galaxies. Cosmology.

- Analyze And Outline Galactic Dynamics, Types, Characteristics And The Associated Astrophysical Processes (Agn Activity, Accretion, Jet Formation). Identify And Describe The Elements Of Universe At The Largest Scales: Cosmology.
- Demonstrate The Understanding Of The Nature And Fundamental Properties Of Stars: Calculations Of Distances, Brightness, Physical Processes And Stellar Evolution (Neutron Stars, Black Holes, White Dwarfs, Supernovae, Grbs, Gravitational Waves).
- Develop Basic Concepts Of Celestial Mechanics: Orbital Motion And Gravity, Newton?S And Kepler'S Laws.
- Develop Expertise To Use Scientific Methods And Tools To Analyze Astrophysical Information To Formulate Meaningful Conclusions Leading To Research Outcome.
- Explain Different Types Of Radiation Mechanisms In The Universe.
- Illustrate The Dynamics Of The Earth And Solar System: Basic Coordinate Systems, The Celestial Sphere And Motion Of Earth And Other Solar System Bodies.

The Space Applications I course will serve the purpose of introducing the main areas of space science research. An account of remote sensing, earth observation & Geographic Information System will be given followed by the topics of study in space physics. Astronomy & Astrophysics will be outlined as the study of the processes and objects in the Universe. The course will be concluded with the concepts supporting data & image processing and some tools (introduction to Python, IDL and Matlab) and working knowledge of techniques (data analysis & interpretation) will also be developed as an essential skill set to carry out scientific research in the relevant areas of space science introduced in the course.

- PHYS335 with a minimum grade D

This course will discuss presenting some more areas of research in space sciences. Firstly, the fundamentals of positioning guidance & navigation using space-based systems will be introduced. Followed by that, an outline of the themes related to atmospheric & ionospheric physics will be given. After that, modern communication achieved with space-based systems will be discussed. The last space applications theme to be outlined will be weather monitoring and prediction using spacecraft. The development of working knowledge of various tools and techniques will continue in this course as well, particularly relevant to the areas covered in this course.

- PHYS335 with a minimum grade D

The course aims at using Maxwell's equations in treating specific problems of wave propagation and their interactions with media and charged particles. It includes wave equation propagation of electromagnetic waves in non-conducting media, polarization. Waves in bounded regions: reflection and refraction at dielectric interface, guided waves. Radiation from a group of moving charges, radiation damping. Electrodynamics and special relativity.

- Apply Basic Principles Of Electromagnetism To Analyze Dynamic Distributions Of Charge, Systems Of Conductors, Capacitors, Dielectrics, And Current Distributions.
- Explain The Propagation Of Electromagnetic Waves, And Be Able To Compute Reflected And Transmitted Amplitudes.
- Explain The Radiation Of A Dipole And A Group Of Moving Charges, And Be Able To Compute The Radiated Power.
- Reproduce Electrodynamics In Relativistic Form

Building upon the student’s previous knowledge on Phys 355, this course introduces a number of modern concepts in quantum mechanics. Topics include propagators and path integral, symmetries, angular momentum and irreducible tensor operators, approximation methods, and scattering theory.

- Analyse Quantum Mechanics Concepts In A Quantitative Way.
- Aquire The Necessary Physics And Mathematics Tools To Tackle Problems Of Modern Physics.
- Develop A Clear Understanding Of The Fundamental Concepts Of Quantum Mechanics.
- Write A Comprehensive Term-Paper And Give A Presentation About A Topic Related To Modern Quantum Physics.

This course aims at developing a clear understanding of the basic concepts in physics as an integrated part of the student overall curriculum. It includes: crystal structure, reciprocal lattice, X-ray diffraction, lattice vibrations, heat capacity, free electrons, electrical conduction in metals and semiconductors, band theory, magnetic properties.

- Compare The Different Types Of Crystal Structures In Terms Of Bravais Lattices Classification
- Construct The Theory Of Lattice Vibrations And Use It To Deduce The Thermal Properties Of Solids.
- Identify The Basic Properties Of Diamagnetic, Paramagnetic And Ferromagnetic Materials.
- Recognize The Basic Concepts Of The Band Theory Of Solids And Predict Their Electronic Properties

This course will provide students with a solid understanding of the physical principles of basic semiconductor devices. This course will give the students an overview of the development of semiconductor devices. Several important semiconductor physics and prototypical devices will be studied. The course material covers semiconductor properties under thermal equilibrium and under non-equilibrium conditions. Three fundamental device structures will be covered in detail, the p-n junction, the MOSFET and related devices, and the bipolar transistor. The course will focus on aspects of semiconductors such as silicon and gallium arsenide, both of which have commercial relevance. Therefore, fundamental properties of semiconductors will be explored, as well as their device applications.

- Analyze The Response Of A Device Given Its Physical Structure.
- Determine Relevant Parameters To Achieve Stated Design Criteria
- Evaluate Of The Three Most Basic Semiconductor Devices, P-N Diodes, Field Effect Transistors (Fets) And Bipolar Junction Transistors (Bjts).
- Examine The Strengths And Weaknesses Of Different Devices For Different Types Of Applications.

This course covers basic concepts of nuclear physics with emphasis on Rutherford’s nuclear atom model, nuclear properties (nuclear size, mass and abundance of nuclides, nuclear binding energy), nuclear structures and nuclear models (Liquid-drop model and the semi-empirical mass formula, and the shell model). Other topics include nuclear decay and radioactivity, nuclear reactions (fundamental Laws, scattering and reaction cross section, mechanisms of nuclear reactions), nuclear fission (characteristics of fission, energy in fission, fission nuclear reactors), nuclear fusion (basic fusion processes, characteristics of fusion, controlled fusion reactors).

- Demonstrate Critical Awareness And Insightful Understanding Of Theoretical Foundations Of Nuclear Physics Topics Related To Fission And Fusion Applications
- Demonstrate The Ability To Self-Learn, Work Independently And In Teams And To Write Reports On Nuclear Technical Subjects While Managing Sensitive Ethical Issues Like Originality.
- Demonstrate Well-Founded Knowledge And Understanding Of Fundamental Concepts In Nuclear Physics And Basic Properties Of Nuclei
- Describe And Quantitatively Analyze Different Nuclear Reaction Mechanisms And Apply Conservation Principles To Determine The Type Of Reaction Taking Place And The Possible Outcomes
- Describe The Role Of Spin-Orbit Coupling In The Shell Structure Of Atomic Nuclei, And Predict The Properties Of Nuclear Ground And Excited States Based On The Shell Model
- Set Balance Equations And Carefully Apply The Acquired Problem Solving Skills To Solve Problems Involving Production And Decay Of Radionuclides In Closed And Open Systems

This course is based on a research project where the student is expected to present a seminar at the end of the semester. The topic is selected by the instructor. (Prerequisite - Student must finish at least 90 Credit hours)

- Prepare And Practice An Oral Presentation Of The Research Topic.
- Review All Significant Aspects And Literature Survey Of A Research Problem.
- Write A Number (3) Of Scientific Reports Describing The Conducted Research Activity And Its Results Throughout The Semester.
- Write A Thesis Containing Comprehensive Introduction Of The Topic, Presenting A Specific Research Problem And A Solution Found By The Student.

This course is aimed at studying a special topic which will serve the needs of the student. The topic varies according to needs and demands, and is set by the department.

This course is part of the internship program; it aims at presenting the students with opportunities to experience practical work experience in selected internship providers sites. Students are expected to carry out tasks assigned to them under the supervision of a site supervisor and an academic supervisor. The period of such internship is 8 consecutive weeks during the student's last semester before graduation. (This course is conducted over half a semester (8 weeks) during the third year of study. Offered condensed courses should be taken during the other half of the semester).

- Pre/Co PHYS494 with a minimum grade D

Complex analysis, special functions with applications in Physics, calculus of variations, integral transforms, partial differential equations, boundary-value problems, Green’s functions, operator algebra and tensors.

- Demonstrate The Application Of Mathematics In Different Branches Of Physics.
- Develop The Learning Skills Of The Students, E.G.: Using Computers As Educational Tools, Problem Solving, And Assignments.
- Employ Computer-Related Skills To Simplify Mathematical Physics Problems' Solutions
- Use Of Advanced Mathematical Methods In Solving Physics Problems

Presents the basic concepts and mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics and introduces applications in atomic, molecular, and solid state Physics. Topics include the mathematics of quantum mechanics, one-dimensional problems, central field problems, the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with atomic systems, the harmonic oscillator, angular momentum, and perturbation theory.

- Apply Approximation Methods To Find The Spectrum Of Simple Quantum Systems.
- Demonstrate Skills In Oral And Written Communication.
- Develop An Understanding Of The Quantum Angular Momentum.
- Solve The Schrodinger Equation For 1-Dimensional Quantum System Such As The Harmonic Oscillator.
- Understand The Fundamental Notions Of State, Operator, And A Representation Of A State.

Electrostatics and magnetostatics, Electric and magnetic fields in matter, Boundary value problems in electrostatics and magnetostatics, Polarization and magnetization, Multipole expansion and dielectrics, Maxwell’s equations, Conservation laws, Wave guides and resonators.

- Analyse And Solve Various Electrostatic And Magnetostatic Problems With Green’S Function Or The Method Of Images.
- Analyze The Time-Varying Electromagnetic Field As Governed By Maxwell’S Equations.
- Demonstrate Skills In Oral And Written Communication
- Describe All The Fundamental Aspects Of Electromagnetism.
- Explain And Solve Problems Involving The Magnetic Properties Of A Material.

Electronic structure of one-electron atoms; fine and hyperfine structures, Interaction of one-electron atoms with static external electric and magnetic fields and with electromagnetic radiation. Study of the electronic structure of many-electron atoms using Pauli Exclusion principle, perturbation and variational methods, angular momentum coupling schemes, central field approximation, Thomas-Fermi model, Hartee-Fock method, interactions of many-electron atoms with static and magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation, Auger effect.

The course is intended as an introduction to the concepts of modern astrophysics for the advanced undergraduate students and graduate students. It covers topics such as celestial coordinate systems, celestial orbits, radiation, stars, stellar structure, stellar evolution, clusters of stars, galactic components, galactic structure, galaxy types, active galaxies and cosmology.

Theory of laser operation, rate-equation, properties of laser beams, three-level and four-level systems, passive optical resonators, pumping process, single-mode and multi-mode lasers, transient laser behavior, relaxation oscillations, Q-switching, cavity-dumping, mode-locking, some specific laser systems and applications to medicine, material processing, laser-driven fusion and holography.

- Analyze The Interaction Of Radiation With Matter.
- Explain The Main Physical Processes Of Laser Action.
- Illustrate Optical Resonator Design And Pumping Sources.
- Solve Problems Related To The Laser Theory

Elementary principles, variational principles and Lagrange's equations, central force problem, kinematics of rigid body motion, oscillations, Hamilton's principle and Hamilton's equations, Canonical transformations, Hamilton-Jacobi theory, classical chaos, canonical perturbation theory, introduction to Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations for continuous systems and fields.

Nuclear Properties (Nuclear Radius, Mass and Abundance of Nuclides, Nuclear Binding Energy), Forces between Nucleons (Properties of the Nuclear Force, The Exchange Force Model), Nuclear Structures and Nuclear Models (Liquid-drop Model and the Semi-empirical Mass Formula, Shell Model, More Realistic Nuclear Models), Nuclear Decay and Radioactivity, Nuclear Reactions (Fundamental Laws, Scattering and Reaction Cross Section, The Optical Model, Mechanisms of Nuclear Reactions), Neutron Physics (Neutron Sources, Absorption and Moderation, Neutron Reaction Cross Sections, Neutron Capture, Interference and Diffraction with Neutrons), Nuclear Fission (Characteristics of Fission, Energy in Fission, Fission Reactors, Radioactive Fission Products, Fission Explosives), Nuclear Fusion (Basic Fusion Processes, Characteristics of Fusion, Controlled Fusion Reactors, Thermonuclear Weapons).

- Demonstrate Critical Awareness And Insightful Understanding Of Theoretical Foundations Of Nuclear Physics Topics Related To Fission And Fusion Applications
- Demonstrate Well-Founded Knowledge And Understanding Of Fundamental Concepts In Nuclear Physics, Basic Properties Of Nuclei And Forces Between Nucleons
- Describe The Role Of Spin-Orbit Coupling In The Shell Structure Of Atomic Nuclei, And Predict The Properties Of Nuclear Ground And Excited States Based On The Shell Model
- Make Use Of Appropriate Literature, Research Articles And Other Primary Sources To Conduct An Assigned Appropriate Project In Nuclear Physics
- Professionally Report And Orally Present And Defend The Results And Conclusions Of An Assigned Project And Explain And Express Opinion Of Ethical Issues Related To Proliferation Of Nuclear Technology

This course will cover elementary plasma physics for physics and engineering students. It will include the following topics: The concept of temperature; the conditions of density and temperature necessary for the plasma state; discussion of fusion; motion of single charged particles in static and time varying electric and magnetic fields; plasmas described as (charged) fluids or magnetohydrodynamics; waves in plasmas; plasma heating with radio waves; kinetic theory description of plasmas including diffusion with and without magnetic fields; Debye shielding of a charge; Vlasov equation and collisionless plasmas; Landau dampening of waves; BGK single relaxation time model description of collisions; transport calculations of mass (diffusion); momentum (viscosity) and energy (heat conductivity).

Description of elementary particles with emphasis on phenomenology and historical and experimental buildup of current knowledge: weak decays and weak currents, parity violation, detectors and accelerators, elementary processes, deep inelastic scattering and proton model, quark model spectroscopy, color symmetry, elements of the Standard Model, successes and shortcomings.

Review of fundamentals of sources of radiation, nuclear Physics and radioactivity, and X-ray production. Interaction of heavy charged particles with matter, interaction of electrons with matter, linear energy transfer, interaction of photons with matter, interaction of neutrons with matter, neutron fission and criticality, radiation detection, statistics, introduction to radiation dosimetry, radiation protection criteria and exposure limits.

- Apply Above Knowledge To Calculate Radiation Range And Required Shielding.
- Compute Energy Losses Due To Radiation Interaction With Matter.
- Demonstrate Critical Awareness Of Environmental, Ethical And Health Radiation Related Contemporary Issues.
- Evaluate Complex Problems In Radiation Physics That Involve Radiation Energy Levels And Decays Schemes.
- Identify And Classify Different Types Of Ionizing Radiation.

Review of X-ray production and fundamentals of nuclear physics and radioactivity. Detailed analysis of radiation absorption and interactions in biological materials as specifically related to radiation therapy and radiation therapy dosimetry. Explore the use of computers and electronics in the diagnosis, tumor and normal tissue localization, treatment planning, treatment delivery, and treatment verification as applied to cancer patients; principles of radiation therapy treatment planning and isodose calculations. This is in addition to surveys of use of teletherapy isotopes and X-ray generators in radiation therapy plus the clinical use of interstitial and intracavitary isotopes (fundamentals of brachytherapy, and brachytherapy dosimetry systems). Problem sets taken from actual clinical examples are assigned.

This course gives students a solid background in semiconductor Physics and devices. It explains crystal structure, band structure and carrier statistics, carrier transport, phonons, scattering processes, electro- and optical- absorption in semiconductors.

Physical bases of nuclear medicine are reviewed, and imaging instrumentation and computer diagnosis is discussed. Other topics include radionucleide generator systems and quality control, radiopharmaceutical preparations and quality control, chemistry and radiopharmacology of radionucleides, and radiopharmaceuticals for diagnostics and therapeutics. Unsealed source dosimetry, nuclear measurement instrumentation, spectrometry. This course also includes design and function of gamma cameras, single photon emission tomography, and positron emission tomography.

- Analyze, Evaluate, And Solve Complex Problems In Nuclear Medicine Physics.
- Demonstrate Critical Awareness Of Recent Developments And Contemporary Research Topics In The Physics Of Nuclear Medicine.
- Explain Clearly The Physics Of Nuclear Medicine And Instrumentation.
- Professionally Report And Orally Present And Defend The Results And Conclusions Of An Assigned Project.

Course includes practical applications of diagnostic radiology for various measurements and equipment assessments. Topics include X-ray generator calibration, focal spot measurements, radiation output measurements, half-value layer measurements, and others. The description and design of computed tomographic systems as well as the associated reconstruction algorithms from single to multislice helical systems are studied.

This course will explore topics in bio-electricity based on the classical theory of electricity and magnetism. Topics include: transport in an infinite medium, transport through neural membranes, impulses in nerve and muscle cells, exterior potential and electrocardiogram, biomagnetism, electricity and magnetism at the cellular level.

Review of the statistical theory of thermodynamics, Ensemble theory, identical particles. Quantum statistical Physics, Distribution functions, Applications to Quantum gases (superfluidity, superconductivity, and Bose-Einstein condensation), Critical phenomena, Brownian motion, Langevin, and Fokker-Planck and Boltzmann equations.

This course deals with experimental techniques (X-ray, Raman Spectroscopy, Electron Microscope, Auger Spectrometer, X-Ray Fluorescent, Electrical measurements, Magnetic measurements, Optical measurements, Positron Annihilation, etc) used for material characterizations and study of physical properties as well as defects of different materials. Particularly the course deals with phase transitions of amorphous and crystal compounds, Synthesis of composites, thin films, superlattices and nanomaterials.

crystalline structure and symmetry, Bravais lattice and reciprocal lattice, lattice vibrations and phonons, specific heat, energy band theory of metals, semiconductors and insulators, electric transport in metals and semiconductors, optical, dielectric, and magnetic properties, superconductivity.

- Acquire Deep Theoretical Knowledge, Active And Creative Understanding Of Solid State Physics.
- Communicate Effectively, Orally And In Writing.
- Demonstrate Mastery Of Special Material Properties Such As Superconductivity, Magnetism, Piezo-Electricity.
- Give An Overview Of Some Applications Related To The Physical Phenomena Treated In The Course, Acquire ?Knowledge Of Research Principles And Methods Applicable To Solid State Physics.
- Have An Understanding Of The Properties Of Metals On The Basis Of The Free And Nearly-Free Electron Gas Models.
- Map Advanced Periodic Structures (Lattice, Unit Cells) Onto Reciprocal Space (K-Space Lattice, Brillouin Zone) And Characterization

Group and representation theory designed for the particle physicist: groups and their representations: general theory and results; Lie Groups and their representations; Lie algebras and their representations; use and applications in Modern Physics.

This course is based on a research project where the student is expected to present a seminar at the end of the semester. The topic is selected by the faculty member.

- Prepare And Practice An Oral Presentation Of The Research Topic.
- Review All Significant Aspects And Literature Survey Of A Research Problem.
- Write Scientific Journal Paper-Like Reports Describing The Conducted Research Activity And Its Results.

Introduction to Einstein’s theory of General Relativity: a review of Special Relativity; the equivalence principle; tensor calculus and elements of differential geometry; Einstein’s gravitational field equations; classic tests of General Relativity and standard applications in Astrophysics and Cosmology.

This course is required for students preparing a doctoral thesis in experimental particle physics. Topics designed and taught by the various LHC collaborations (CMS, ATLAS, ALICE, etc.).

This course covers the physical aspects of medical image formation. Image receptor design/optimization, reconstruction techniques, device hardware and performance characteristics are considered. This course includes a system theory approach to the production, analysis, processing and reconstruction of medical images. An extensive use of Fourier techniques is used to describe the processes involved with conventional radiographic detectors, digital and computed radiography.

This is a general imaging course intended to: 1) cover the basic physical principles of image formation and contrast of the main imaging modalities; and 2) introduce their applications in disciplines such as medicine, biology, and chemistry. It is designed to be given for non-physics students and to explain elements of hardware, basic energy interaction leading to image formation, basic image properties including signal-to-noise ratio, resolution, and contrast, and finally sample and technical factors controlling image contrast. The main modalities include: x-ray imaging, computed x-ray tomography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and spectroscopy (MRS), Nuclear Medicine (SPECT, PET Imaging). Functional and multi-dimensional imaging is also introduced. Students may be asked to cover elementary topics according to their background.

Basic physics of NMR, relaxation phenomena, relaxation time measurement, rotating reference frame and resonance, RF field, Bloch equations, magnetic field gradient, projection, basic pulse sequences, image contrast, one-dimensional Fourier imaging, k-space, slice excitation, multi-dimensional imaging; advanced MRI methods including fast imaging, chemical shift imaging, diffusion imaging, functional MRI, flow imaging, MR angiography, and cardiac gated imaging; hardware for MRI; radiofrequency coils, surface coils; in vivo NMR spectroscopy.

- Evaluate And Discriminate The Role Of Different Mri Contrast Parameters And Their Role In Image Intensity With Respect To Anatomical Structures And Pathology.
- Examine Current Literature And Analyze Image Sequence Development And Technological Advances And Impact On Health.
- Explain The Physics Of Mri And Instrumentation.
- Illustrate And Examine The Role Of Mri To Radiology And Health In General.

This course is based on a research project where the student is expected to present a seminar at the end of the semester. The topic is selected by the faculty member.

This course is proposed by faculty members based on students’ curricular needs and/or new trends in Physics

Variational theorem and WKB method, time-dependent perturbation theory, scattering theory, Born approximation, Identical particles and second quantization, symmetry principles, Dirac and Klein-Gordon equations for free particles, quantum theory of radiation, path integral formalism.

Synthesis of nanomaterials; nanoparticles, nanotubes, nanowires, assembly of nanostructures, property-structure-dependence in nanomaterials, main characterization techniques; transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), applications of nanomaterials; transistors, bio-sensors, NEMS, and solar cells.

Building the theory of relativistic quantum fields: classical field theory; Noethers's theorem; Klein Gordon field; representations of the Lorentz Group; Dirac equation; quantized Dirac field; discrete symmetries of the Dirac theory; interacting fields; S-matrix and reduction formula; Green’s functions in path integral formalism; perturbation theory and Feynman diagrams; elementary processes in QED and QCD.

Many body theory, Hartree-Fock theory and electron-electron interactions, density functional theory, introduction to main numerical methods for band structure calculations, excitons, polarons, phonons, Bloch Wannier and Slater functions, band structures of solids, density matrix approximation Huekle model, Moller-Plesset perturbation theory, second order quantization, Wannier and Frankel excitons and biexcitons in molecular crystals, types of superconductors, electron-phonon interactions, the BCS theory of superconductivity; Ginzberg-Landau theory, Landau Fermi liquid theory, theory of solitons and soliton dynamics.

Classical and quantum Monte Carlo simulation methods with applications, molecular dynamics simulations, random systems, selected topics in modern computational physics problems.

Review of Maxwell’s equations and the conservation laws, electromagnetic potentials, multipole radiation, radiation from moving charges, plane waves in material media, polarization, attenuation, dispersion, diffraction, scattering, special relativity, Relativistic electrodynamics.

This course is based on a research project where the student is expected to present a seminar at the end of the semester. The topic is selected by the faculty member.

Introduction to polymers, Hartree-Fock crystal orbital theory of periodic ploymers, Ab initio calculations on quasi-one-dimensional polymers, semiempirical theories of band structures, treatment of aperiodicity in polymers, electronic correlation in polymers, interaction between polymers, the effect of environment on the band structure of polymers, theoretical investigation of different physical properties of polymers.

The course covers the basic concepts, natural existence as well as the laboratory techniques used for the generation and diagnostics of nonideal plasma. In addition, the course studies ionization equilibrium, equation-of-state, thermodynamic properties, transport coefficients and optical characteristics of partially ionized nonideal plasma.

Gas filled detectors, liquid filled detectors, solid state detectors, scintillation detectors and photodetectors, position sensitive detection, signal processing

Signal acquisition and k-space sampling, image reconstruction techniques, filtering and resolution, image artifacts, slice excitation, radio frequency pulses (rectangular, sinc, SLR, variable rate), spectral RF pulses, spatial RF pulses, advanced pulse sequence techniques.

This course covers: Radiative processes; renormalization; renormalization group; gauge theories; renormalization of gauge theories; asymptotic freedom.

This course covers: Theoretical building of the Standard Model of Particle Physics: phenomenology of weak interactions; Higgs mechanics and mass generation; spontaneously broken gauge theory; renormalization; the Standard Model; successes and shortcomings.

The course gives a description of the current and future experiments in the area of High Energy Physics, their most significant results, future prospects and measurement techniques for Physics beyond the Standard Model. Topics include: Higgs boson searches at LEP, the Tevatron and LHC, the main signatures for Higgs decay in different mass ranges and the experimental problems of detecting them; motivation for supersymmetry (SUSY); the spectrum and signatures of superpartners in some constrained MSSM scenarios such as mSUGRA and GMSB.

Motivations for supersymmetry; Clifford algebra and spinor representations in D-dimensions; supersymmetry algebra; superspace and superfields; supersymmetric gauge theories; breaking of supersymmetry; the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM); elementary supergravity; gravity and gauge mediated supersymmetry breaking; phenomenology of the MSSM and some of its extensions; supersymmetry at colliders and in cosmology.

Selected and changing topics beyond and besides the Standard Model like: neutrinos and masses; solitons, instantons and topological objects; nonperturbative methods: lattice field theory; quantum field theory at finite temperature and/or density; LHC particle physics; string theory.

This course is proposed by faculty members according to needs when needed and is based on new trends of physics.

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